[Please check out my software agent page]
The words defined here are used as the basis on which to build a vocabulary and set of definitions for the terms needed to define and discuss software agents.
These definitions of English words were derived from the Merriam-Webster WWWebster Online Dictionary located at <http://www.m-w.com/dictionary.htm>. None of the wording has been changed, but some definitions have been left out if, in my opinion, they weren't particularly relevant to the purpose of this page.
agent 1 : one that acts or exerts power 2 a : something that produces or is capable of producing an effect : an active or efficient cause b : a chemically, physically, or biologically active principle 3 : a means or instrument by which a guiding intelligence achieves a result 4 : one who is authorized to act for or in the place of another: as a : a representative, emissary, or official of a government
b : one engaged in undercover activities (as espionage) : SPY c : a business representative (as of an athlete or entertainer) aim 2 a : the pointing of a weapon at a mark b : the ability to hit a target c : a weapon's accuracy or effectiveness 3 obsolete a : CONJECTURE, GUESS b : the directing of effort toward a goal 4 : a clearly directed intent or purpose analytic 1 : of or relating to analysis or analytics; especially : separating something into component parts or constituent elements 2 : being a proposition (as "no bachelor is married") whose truth is evident from the meaning of the words it contains -- compare SYNTHETIC 3 : skilled in or using analysis especially in thinking or reasoning 4 : characterized by analysis rather than inflection 5 : PSYCHOANALYTIC 6 : treated or treatable by or using the methods of algebra and calculus 7 a of a function of a real variable : capable of being expanded in a Taylor's series in powers of x h in some neighborhood of the point h b of a function of a complex variable : differentiable at every point in some neighborhood of a given point or points artificial 1 : humanly contrived often on a natural model : MAN-MADE; especially : such an object used for identification in painting or sculpture 3 : a word ascribing a quality; especially : ADJECTIVE be 1 a : to equal in meaning : have the same connotation as : SYMBOLIZE 2 a : having existence in legal, economic, or political theory b : caused or produced by a human and especially social or political agency 3 obsolete : ARTFUL, CUNNING 4 a : lacking in natural or spontaneous quality [??? where's "b"???] c : IMITATION, SHAM 5 : based on differential morphological characters not necessarily indicative of natural relationships artificial intelligence 1 : the capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior 2 : a branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of intelligent behavior in computers attribute 1 : an inherent characteristic; also : an accidental quality 2 : an object closely associated with or belonging to a specific person, thing, or office verb 1 : to propagate a clone from 2 : to make a copy of comprehend 1 : to grasp the nature, significance, or meaning of 2 : to contain or hold within a total scope, significance, or amount b : to have identity with c : to constitute the same class as d : to have a specified qualification or characterization e : to belong to the class of -- used regularly in senses 1a through 1e as the copula of simple predication 2 a : to have an objective existence : have reality or actuality : LIVE b : to have, maintain, or occupy a place, situation, or position c : to remain unmolested, undisturbed, or uninterrupted -- used only in infinitive form d : to take place : OCCUR e : to come or go f archaic : BELONG, BEFALL behavior 1 a : the manner of conducting oneself b : anything that an organism does involving action and response to stimulation c : the response of an individual, group, or species to its environment 2 : the way in which someone behaves; also : an instance of such behavior 3 : the way in which something functions or operates being 1 a : the quality or state of having existence b (1) : something conceivable as existing (2) : something that actually exists (3) : the totality of existing things c : conscious existence : LIFE 2 : the qualities that constitute an existent thing : ESSENCE; especially : PERSONALITY 3 : a living thing; especially : PERSON binomial nomenclature a system of nomenclature in which each species of animal or plant receives a name of two terms of which the first identifies the genus to which it belongs and the second the species itself category 1 : any of several fundamental and distinct classes to which entities or concepts belong 2 : a division within a system of classification characteristic 1 : a distinguishing trait, quality, or property 2 : the integral part of a common logarithm 3 : the smallest positive integer n which for an operation in a ring or field yields 0 when any element is used n times with the operation class 2 a : a group sharing the same economic or social status b : social rank; especially : high social rank c : high quality : ELEGANCE 3 : a group, set, or kind sharing common attributes: as a : a major category in biological taxonomy ranking above the order and below the phylum or division b : a collection of adjacent and discrete or continuous values of a random variable c : SET 4 : a division or rating based on grade or quality 5 : the best of its kind classification 1 : the act or process of classifying 2 a : systematic arrangement in groups or categories according to established criteria; specifically : TAXONOMY b : CLASS, CATEGORY clever 1 a : skillful or adroit in using the hands or body : NIMBLE b : mentally quick and resourceful but often lacking in depth and soundness 2 : marked by wit or ingenuity 3 dialect a : GOOD b : easy to use or handle clone 1 a : the aggregate of the asexually produced progeny of an individual; also : a group of replicas of all or part of a macromolecule (as DNA or an antibody) b : an individual grown from a single somatic cell of its parent and genetically identical to it 2 : one that appears to be a copy of an original form 3 : to include by construction or implicationdevice 1 : something devised or contrived: as a (1) : PLAN, PROCEDURE, TECHNIQUE (2) : a scheme to deceive : STRATAGEM, TRICK b : something fanciful, elaborate, or intricate in design c : something (as a figure of speech) in a literary work designed to achieve a particular artistic effect d archaic : MASQUE, SPECTACLE e : a conventional stage practice or means (as a stage whisper) used to achieve a particular dramatic effect f : a piece of equipment or a mechanism designed to serve a special purpose or perform a special function 2 : DESIRE, INCLINATION comprehension 1 a : the act or action of grasping with the intellect : UNDERSTANDING b : knowledge gained by comprehending c : the capacity for understanding fully 2 a : the act or process of comprising b : the faculty or capability of including : COMPREHENSIVENESS 3 : CONNOTATION 3 computer one that computes; specifically : a programmable electronic device that can store, retrieve, and process data concept 1 : something conceived in the mind : THOUGHT, NOTION 2 : an abstract or generic idea generalized from particular instances culture 2 : the act of developing the intellectual and moral faculties especially by education 3 : expert care and training 4 a : enlightenment and excellence of taste acquired by intellectual and aesthetic training b : acquaintance with and taste in fine arts, humanities, and broad aspects of science as distinguished from vocational and technical skills 5 a : the integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon man's capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations b : the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group c : the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes a company or corporation 6 : cultivation of living material in prepared nutrient media; also : a product of such cultivation cyberspace the on-line world of computer networks definition 1 : an act of determining; specifically : the formal proclamation of a Roman Catholic dogma 2 a : a statement expressing the essential nature of something b : a statement of the meaning of a word or word group or a sign or symbol c : a product of defining 3 : the action or process of defining 4 a : the action or the power of describing, explaining, or making definite and clear b (1) : clarity of visual presentation : distinctness of outline or detail (2) : clarity especially of musical sound in reproduction c : sharp demarcation of outlines or limits 3 : an emblematic design used especially as a heraldic bearing dictionary 1 : a reference book containing words usually alphabetically arranged along with information about their forms, pronunciations, functions, etymologies, meanings, and syntactical and idiomatic uses 2 : a reference book listing alphabetically terms or names important to a particular subject or activity along with discussion of their meanings and applications 3 : a reference book giving for words of one language equivalents in another 4 : a list (as of items of data or words) stored in a computer for reference (as for information retrieval or word processing) digital computer a computer that operates with numbers expressed directly as digits distinguish 1 : to perceive a difference in : mentally separate6 : the central meaning or chief end of a particular action or situation 7 Christian Science : an image in Mind intelligence 1 a (1) : the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trying situations : REASON; also : the skilled use of reason (2) : the ability to apply knowledge to manipulate one's environment or to think abstractly as measured by objective criteria (as tests) b Christian Science : the basic eternal quality of divine Mind c : mental acuteness : SHREWDNESS 2 a : an intelligent entity; especially : ANGEL b : intelligent minds or mind 2 a : to mark as separate or different b : to separate into kinds, classes, or categories c : to give prominence or distinction to d : CHARACTERIZE 3 a : DISCERN b : to single out : take special notice of intransitive senses : to perceive a difference elegance 1 a : refined grace or dignified propriety : URBANITY b : tasteful richness of design or ornamentation c : dignified gracefulness or restrained beauty of style : POLISH d : scientific precision, neatness, and simplicity 2 : something that is elegant end 1 a : the part of an area that lies at the boundary b (1) : a point that marks the extent of something (2) : the point where something ceases to exist c : the extreme or last part lengthwise : TIP d : the terminal unit of something spatial that is marked off by units e : a player stationed at the extremity of a line (as in football) 2 a : cessation of a course of action, pursuit, or activity b : DEATH, DESTRUCTION c (1) : the ultimate state (2) : RESULT, ISSUE 3 : something incomplete, fragmentary, or undersized : REMNANT 4 a : an outcome worked toward : PURPOSE b : the object by virtue of or for the sake of which an event takes place 5 a : a share in an undertaking b : a particular operation or aspect of an undertaking or organization 6 : something that is extreme : ULTIMATE -- used with the 7 : a period of action or turn in any of various sports events (as archery or lawn bowling) entity 1 a : BEING, EXISTENCE; especially : independent, separate, or self-contained existence b : the existence of a thing as contrasted with its attributes 2 : something that has separate and distinct existence and objective or conceptual reality environment 1 : the circumstances, objects, or conditions by which one is surrounded 2 a : the complex of physical, chemical, and biotic factors (as climate, soil, and living things) that act upon an organism or an ecological community and ultimately determine its form and survival b : the aggregate of social and cultural conditions that influence the life of an individual or community 3 : the position or characteristic position of a linguistic element in a sequence ethic 1 plural but singular or plural in construction : the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation 2 a : a set of moral principles or values b : a theory or system of moral values c plural but singular or plural in construction : the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group d : a guiding philosophy expert 1 obsolete : EXPERIENCED 2 : having, involving, or displaying special skill or knowledge derived from training or experience goal 1 a : the terminal point of a race b : an area to be reached safely in children's games 2 : the end toward which effort is directed : AIM 3 a : an area or object toward which players in various games attempt to advance a ball or puck and usually through or into which it must go to score points b : the act or action of causing a ball or puck to go through or into such a goal c : the score resulting from such an act human noun a bipedal primate mammal (Homo sapiens) : MAN; broadly : any living or extinct member of the family (Hominidae) to which the primate belongs adjective 1 : of, relating to, or characteristic of humans 2 : consisting of humans 3 a : having human form or attributes b : susceptible to or representative of the sympathies and frailties of human nature idea 1 a : a transcendent entity that is a real pattern of which existing things are imperfect representations b : a standard of perfection : IDEAL c : a plan for action : DESIGN 2 archaic : a visible representation of a conception : a replica of a pattern 3 a obsolete : an image recalled by memory b : an indefinite or unformed conception c : an entity (as a thought, concept, sensation, or image) actually or potentially present to consciousness 4 : a formulated thought or opinion 5 : whatever is known or supposed about something 3 : the act of understanding : COMPREHENSION 4 a : INFORMATION, NEWS b : information concerning an enemy or possible enemy or an area; also : an agency engaged in obtaining such information 5 : the ability to perform computer functions intelligent 1 a : having or indicating a high or satisfactory degree of intelligence and mental capacity b : revealing or reflecting good judgment or sound thought : SKILLFUL 2 a : possessing intelligence b : guided or directed by intellect : RATIONAL 3 a : guided or controlled by a computer; especially : using a built-in microprocessor for automatic operation, for processing of data, or for achieving greater versatility -- compare DUMB 7 b : able to produce printed material from digital signals5 a : goods or commodities as distinguished from money intention 1 : a determination to act in a certain way : RESOLVE 2 : IMPORT, SIGNIFICANCE 3 a : what one intends to do or bring about b : the object for which a prayer, mass, or pious act is offered 4 : a process or manner of healing of incised wounds 5 : CONCEPT; especially : a concept considered as the product of attention directed to an object of knowledge 6 plural : purpose with respect to marriage kind 1 a archaic : NATURE b archaic : FAMILY, LINEAGE 2 archaic : MANNER 3 : fundamental nature or quality : ESSENCE 4 a : a group united by common traits or interests : CATEGORY b : a specific or recognized variety c : a doubtful or barely admissible member of a category b : the equivalent of what has been offered or received knowledge 1 obsolete : COGNIZANCE 2 a (1) : the fact or condition of knowing something with familiarity gained through experience or association (2) : acquaintance with or understanding of a science, art, or technique b (1) : the fact or condition of being aware of something (2) : the range of one's information or understanding4 a : the sum of what is known : the body of truth, information, and principles acquired by mankind b archaic : a branch of learning learn transitive senses 1 a (1) : to gain knowledge or understanding of or skill in by study, instruction, or experience c : the circumstance or condition of apprehending truth or fact through reasoning : COGNITION d : the fact or condition of having information or of being learned (2) : MEMORIZEg : a coin-operated device h : MACHINERY -- used with the or in plural 2 a : a living organism or one of its functional systems b : a person or organization that resembles a machine (as in being methodical, tireless, or unemotional) c (1) : a combination of persons acting together for a common end along with the agencies they use (2) : a highly organized political group under the leadership of a boss or small clique 3 : a literary device or contrivance introduced for dramatic effect mean, meaning transitive senses 1 a : to have in the mind as a purpose : INTEND b : to come to be able c : to come to realize 2 a nonstand : TEACH b obsolete : to inform of something 3 : to come to know : HEAR intransitive senses : to acquire knowledge or skill or a behavioral tendency lexicon 1 : a book containing an alphabetical arrangement of the words in a language and their definitions : DICTIONARY 2 a : the vocabulary of a language, an individual speaker or group of speakers, or a subject b : the total stock of morphemes in a language 3 : REPERTOIRE, INVENTORY machine 1 a archaic : a constructed thing whether material or immaterial b : CONVEYANCE, VEHICLE; especially : AUTOMOBILE c archaic : a military engine d : any of various apparatuses formerly used to produce stage effects e (1) : an assemblage of parts that transmit forces, motion, and energy one to another in a predetermined manner (2) : an instrument (as a lever) designed to transmit or modify the application of power, force, or motion f : a mechanically, electrically, or electronically operated device for performing a task -- sometimes used interjectionally with I, chiefly in informal speech for emphasis3 : to have importance to the degree of or to introduce a phrase restating the point of a preceding phrase b : to design for or destine to a specified purpose or future 2 : to serve or intend to convey, show, or indicate : SIGNIFY 4 : to direct to a particular individual intransitive senses : to have an intended purpose6 : one referred to by a name mechanism 1 a : a piece of machinery b : a process or technique for achieving a result 2 : mechanical operation or action : WORKING 2 3 : a doctrine that holds natural processes (as of life) to be mechanically determined and capable of complete explanation by the laws of physics and chemistry 4 : the fundamental physical or chemical processes involved in or responsible for an action, reaction, or other natural phenomenon (as organic evolution) name 1 a : a word or phrase that constitutes the distinctive designation of a person or thing b : a word or symbol used in logic to designate an entity 2 : a descriptive often disparaging epithet 3 a : REPUTATION b : an illustrious record : FAME c : a person or thing with a reputation 4 : FAMILY, CLAN 5 : appearance as opposed to reality natural 1 : based on an inherent sense of right and wrong4 : having an essential relation with someone or something : following from the nature of the one in question 2 a : being in accordance with or determined by nature b : having or constituting a classification based on features existing in nature 3 a (1) : begotten as distinguished from adopted; also : LEGITIMATE (2) : being a relation by actual consanguinity as distinguished from adoption b : ILLEGITIMATE 5 : implanted or being as if implanted by nature : seemingly inborn6 : of or relating to nature as an object of study and research 7 : having a specified character by nature 8 a : occurring in conformity with the ordinary course of nature : not marvelous or supernatural b : formulated by human reason alone rather than revelation10 a : growing without human care; also : not cultivated c : having a normal or usual character 9 : possessing or exhibiting the higher qualities (as kindliness and affection) of human nature b : existing in or produced by nature : not artificialb : of, relating to, or operating in the physical as opposed to the spiritual world c : relating to or being natural food 11 a : being in a state of nature without spiritual enlightenment : UNREGENERATE b : living in or as if in a state of nature untouched by the influences of civilization and society 12 a : having a physical or real existence as contrasted with one that is spiritual, intellectual, or fictitious 13 a : closely resembling an original : true to nature b : marked by easy simplicity and freedom from artificiality, affectation, or constraint c : having a form or appearance found in nature 14 a : having neither flats nor sharpsb : a system of computers, terminals, and databases connected by communications lines 4 a : a group of radio or television stations linked by wire or radio relay b : a radio or television company that produces programs for broadcast over such a network nimble 1 : quick and light in motion : AGILE b : being neither sharp nor flat c : having the pitch modified by the natural sign nature 1 a : the inherent character or basic constitution of a person or thing : ESSENCE b : DISPOSITION, TEMPERAMENT 2 a : a creative and controlling force in the universe b : an inner force or the sum of such forces in an individual 3 : a kind or class usually distinguished by fundamental or essential characteristics 4 : the physical constitution or drives of an organism; especially : an excretory organ or function -- used in phrases like the call of nature 5 : a spontaneous attitude (as of generosity) 6 : the external world in its entirety 7 a : humankind's original or natural condition b : a simplified mode of life resembling this condition 8 : the genetically controlled qualities of an organism 9 : natural scenery object 1 a : something material that may be perceived by the senses b : something that when viewed stirs a particular emotion (as pity) 2 : something mental or physical toward which thought, feeling, or action is directed 3 a : the goal or end of an effort or activity : PURPOSE, OBJECTIVE b : a cause for attention or concern 4 : a thing that forms an element of or constitutes the subject matter of an investigation or science 5 a : a noun or noun equivalent (as a pronoun, gerund, or clause) denoting the goal or result of the action of a verb b : a noun or noun equivalent in a prepositional phrase network 1 : a fabric or structure of cords or wires that cross at regular intervals and are knotted or secured at the crossings 2 : a system of lines or channels resembling a network 3 a : an interconnected or interrelated chain, group, or system 2 a : marked by quick, alert, clever conception, comprehension, or resourcefulnessb : RESPONSIVE, SENSITIVE nomenclature 1 : NAME, DESIGNATION 2 : the act or process or an instance of naming 3 a : a system or set of terms or symbols especially in a particular science, discipline, or art b : an international system of standardized New Latin names used in biology for kinds and groups of kinds of animals and plants objective 1 : a lens or system of lenses that forms an image of an object 2 a : something toward which effort is directed : an aim, goal, or end of action b : a strategic position to be attained or a purpose to be achieved by a military operation ontology 1 : a branch of metaphysics concerned with the nature and relations of being 2 : a particular theory about the nature of being or the kinds of existents organization 1 a : the act or process of organizing or of being organized b : the condition or manner of being organized 2 a : ASSOCIATION, SOCIETY b : an administrative and functional structure (as a business or a political party); also : the personnel of such a structure organize transitive senses 1 : to cause to develop an organic structure 2 : to form into a coherent unity or functioning whole : INTEGRATEb : a series of instructions for a computer that has a name by which it can be called into action 3 a : a traditional or established way of doing things b : PROTOCOL 3a program 1 [Late Latin programma, from Greek] : a public notice 2 a : a brief usually printed outline of the order to be followed, of the features to be presented, and the persons participating (as in a public exercise or performance) b : the performance of a program; especially : a performance broadcast on radio or television 3 : a plan or system under which action may be taken toward a goal 4 : CURRICULUM 5 : PROSPECTUS, SYLLABUS 6 a : a plan for the programming of a mechanism (as a computer) b : a sequence of coded instructions that can be inserted into a mechanism (as a computer); also : such a sequence that is part of an organism's genotype or behavioral repertoire property 1 a : a quality or trait belonging and especially peculiar to an individual or thing b : an effect that an object has on another object or on the senses c : VIRTUE 3 d : an attribute common to all members of a class 2 a : something owned or possessed; specifically : a piece of real estate b : the exclusive right to possess, enjoy, and dispose of a thing : OWNERSHIP c : something to which a person or business has a legal title d : one (as a performer) under contract whose work is especially valuable 3 : an article or object used in a play or motion picture except painted scenery and costumes protocol 1 : an original draft, minute, or record of a document or transaction 2 a : a preliminary memorandum often formulated and signed by diplomatic negotiators as a basis for a final convention or treaty b : the records or minutes of a diplomatic conference or congress that show officially the agreements arrived at by the negotiators 3 a : a code prescribing strict adherence to correct etiquette and precedence (as in diplomatic exchange and in the military services) b : a set of conventions governing the treatment and especially the formatting of data in an electronic communications system 4 : a detailed plan of a scientific or medical experiment, treatment, or procedure purpose 1 a : something set up as an object or end to be attained : INTENTION b : RESOLUTION, DETERMINATION 2 : a subject under discussion or an action in course of execution quality 1 a : peculiar and essential character : NATURE 3 a : to set up an administrative structure for b : to persuade to associate in an organization; especially : UNIONIZE 4 : to arrange by systematic planning and united effort intransitive senses 1 : to undergo physical or organic organization 2 : to arrange elements into a whole of interdependent parts 3 : to form an organization; specifically : to form or persuade workers to join a union plan 1 : a drawing or diagram drawn on a plane: as a : a top or horizontal view of an object b : a large-scale map of a small area 2 a : a method for achieving an end b : an often customary method of doing something : PROCEDURE c : a detailed formulation of a program of action d : GOAL, AIM 3 : an orderly arrangement of parts of an overall design or objective 4 : a detailed program (as for payment or the provision of some service) polish 1 b : freedom from rudeness or coarseness : CULTURE c : a state of high development or refinement procedure 1 a : a particular way of accomplishing something or of acting b : a step in a procedure 2 a : a series of steps followed in a regular definite order b : an inherent feature : PROPERTY c : CAPACITY, ROLE 4 a : a distinguishing attribute : CHARACTERISTIC b archaic : an acquired skill : ACCOMPLISHMENT 5 : the character in a logical proposition of being affirmative or negative 6 : vividness of hue 8 : the attribute of an elementary sensation that makes it fundamentally unlike any other sensation queue 2 : a waiting line especially of persons or vehicles 3 a : a sequence of messages or jobs held in auxiliary storage awaiting transmission or processing b : a data structure that consists of a list of records such that records are added at one end and removed from the other rational 1 a : having reason or understanding b : relating to, based on, or agreeable to reason : REASONABLE real 1 : of or relating to fixed, permanent, or immovable things (as lands or tenements) 2 a : not artificial, fraudulent, illusory, or apparent : GENUINEb (1) : occurring in fact (2) : of or relating to practical or everyday concerns or activities ; also : being precisely what the name implies (3) : existing as a physical entity and having properties that deviate from an ideal, law, or standard-- compare IDEAL 3b c : having objective independent existence d : FUNDAMENTAL, ESSENTIAL e (1) : belonging to or having elements or components that belong to the set of real numbers(2) : concerned with or containing real numbers (3) : REAL-VALUED3 of a particle : capable of being detected -- compare VIRTUAL 3 reality 1 : the quality or state of being real 2 a (1) : a real event, entity, or state of affairs f : measured by purchasing power g : COMPLETE, UTTER (2) : the totality of real things and eventsc : a sufficient ground of explanation or of logical defense; especially : something (as a principle or law) that supports a conclusion or explains a fact b : something that is neither derivative nor dependent but exists necessarily reason 1 a : a statement offered in explanation or justification b : a rational ground or motive d : the thing that makes some fact intelligible : CAUSEb : not extreme or excessive 2 a (1) : the power of comprehending, inferring, or thinking especially in orderly rational ways : INTELLIGENCE (2) : proper exercise of the mind (3) : SANITY b : the sum of the intellectual powers 3 archaic : treatment that affords satisfaction reasonable 1 a : being in accordance with reason c : MODERATE, FAIRd : INEXPENSIVE 2 a : having the faculty of reason b : possessing sound judgment relate transitive senses 1 : to give an account of : TELL 2 : to show or establish logical or causal connection between intransitive senses 1 : to apply or take effect retroactively 2 : to have relationship or connection 3 : to have or establish a relationship : INTERACT 4 : to respond especially favorably relationship 1 : the state of being related or interrelated 2 : the relation connecting or binding participants in a relationship: as a : KINSHIP b : a specific instance or type of kinship 3 a : a state of affairs existing between those having relations or dealings b : a romantic or passionate attachment robot 1 a : a machine that looks like a human being and performs various complex acts (as walking or talking) of a human being; also : a similar but fictional machine whose lack of capacity for human emotions is often emphasized b : an efficient insensitive person who functions automatically 2 : a device that automatically performs complicated often repetitive tasks 3 : a mechanism guided by automatic controls scheme 1 a archaic (1) : a mathematical or astronomical diagram (2) : a representation of the astrological aspects of the planets at a particular time b : a graphic sketch or outline 2 : a concise statement or table : EPITOME 3 : a plan or program of action; especially : a crafty or secret one 4 : a systematic or organized framework : DESIGN series 1 a : a number of things or events of the same class coming one after another in spatial or temporal succession b : a set of regularly presented television programs each of which is complete in itself 2 : the indicated sum of a usually infinite sequence of numbers 3 a : the coins or currency of a particular country and period b : a group of postage stamps in different denominations 4 : a succession of volumes or issues published with related subjects or authors, similar format and price, or continuous numbering 5 : a division of rock formations that is smaller than a system and comprises rocks deposited during an epoch 6 : a group of chemical compounds related in composition and structure 7 : an arrangement of the parts of or elements in an electric circuit whereby the whole current passes through each part or element without branching -- compare PARALLEL 8 : a set of vowels connected by ablaut (as i, a, u in ring, rang, rung) 9 : a number of games (as of baseball) played usually on consecutive days between two teamsb : a state of psychological preparedness usually of limited duration for action in response to an anticipated stimulus or situation 10 : a group of successive coordinate sentence elements joined together 11 : SOIL SERIES 12 : three consecutive games in bowling server 1 : one that serves food or drink 2 : the player who serves (as in tennis) 3 : something used in serving food or drink 4 : one that serves legal processes upon another 5 : the celebrant's assistant at low mass 6 : a computer in a network that is used to provide services (as access to files or shared peripherals or the routing of electronic mail) to other computers in the network set 1 a : the act or action of setting b : the condition of being set 2 : a number of things of the same kind that belong or are used together 3 a : mental inclination, tendency, or habit : BENT 4 : direction of flow23 : a usually offensive formation in football or basketball 24 : a group of a specific number of repetitions of a particular exercise shrewd 1 archaic : MISCHIEVOUS 2 obsolete : ABUSIVE, SHREWISH 3 obsolete : OMINOUS, DANGEROUS 4 a : SEVERE, HARD b : SHARP, PIERCING 5 a : marked by clever discerning awareness and hardheaded acumen 5 : form or carriage of the body or of its parts 6 : the manner of fitting or of being placed or suspended 7 : amount of deflection from a straight line 8 : permanent change of form (as of metal) due to repeated or excessive stress 9 : the act or result of arranging hair by curling or waving 10 also sett /'set/ a : a young plant or rooted cutting ready for transplanting b : a small bulb, corm, or tuber or a piece of tuber used for propagation 11 or sett : the burrow of a badger 12 : the width of the body of a piece of type 13 : an artificial setting for a scene of a theatrical or film production 14 also sett : a rectangular paving stone of sandstone or granite 15 : a division of a tennis match won by the side that wins at least six games beating the opponent by two games or by winning a tiebreaker 16 : a collection of books or periodicals forming a unit 17 : a clutch of eggs 18 : the basic formation in a country-dance or square dance 19 : a session of music (as jazz or dance music) usually followed by an intermission; also : the music played at one session 20 : a group of persons associated by common interests 21 : a collection of elements and especially mathematical ones (as numbers or points) -- called also class 22 : an apparatus of electronic components assembled so as to function as a unit b : given to wily and artful ways or dealingskill 2 a : the ability to use one's knowledge effectively and readily in execution or performance b : dexterity or coordination especially in the execution of learned physical tasks 3 : a learned power of doing something competently : a developed aptitude or ability skillful 1 : possessed of or displaying skill : EXPERT 2 : accomplished with skill sociable 1 : inclined by nature to companionship with others of the same species : SOCIAL 2 a : inclined to seek or enjoy companionship b : marked by or conducive to friendliness or pleasant social relations social 1 : involving allies or confederates3 : of or relating to human society, the interaction of the individual and the group, or the welfare of human beings as members of society 2 a : marked by or passed in pleasant companionship with one's friends or associates b : SOCIABLE c : of, relating to, or designed for sociability 4 a : tending to form cooperative and interdependent relationships with others of one's kind : GREGARIOUS b : living and breeding in more or less organized communitiesb : of, relating to, or characteristic of the upper classes c : FORMAL software something used or associated with and usually contrasted with hardware: as a : the entire set of programs, procedures, and related documentation associated with a system and especially a computer system; specifically : computer programs b : materials for use with audiovisual equipment strategy 1 a (1) : the science and art of employing the political, economic, psychological, and military forces of a nation or group of nations to afford the maximum support to adopted policies in peace or war (2) : the science and art of military command exercised to meet the enemy in combat under advantageous conditions b : a variety of or instance of the use of strategy 2 a : a careful plan or method : a clever stratagem b : the art of devising or employing plans or stratagems toward a goal 3 : an adaptation or complex of adaptations (as of behavior, metabolism, or structure) that serves or appears to serve an important function in achieving evolutionary success c of a plant : tending to grow in groups or masses so as to form a pure stand 5 a : of, relating to, or based on rank or status in a particular society synthetic 1 : relating to or involving synthesis : not analytic 2 : attributing to a subject something determined by observation rather than analysis of the nature of the subject and not resulting in self-contradiction if negated -- compare ANALYTIC 3 : characterized by frequent and systematic use of inflected forms to express grammatical relationships 4 a (1) : of, relating to, or produced by chemical or biochemical synthesis; especially : produced artificially: as a (1) : a group of interacting bodies under the influence of related forces (2) : an assemblage of substances that is in or tends to equilibrium b (1) : a group of body organs that together perform one or more vital functions (2) : of or relating to a synfuel b : devised, arranged, or fabricated for special situations to imitate or replace usual realities c : FACTITIOUS, BOGUS system 1 : a regularly interacting or interdependent group of items forming a unified whole (2) : the body considered as a functional unit c : a group of related natural objects or forcesd : a group of devices or artificial objects or an organization forming a network especially for distributing something or serving a common purpose e : a major division of rocks usually larger than a series and including all formed during a period or era f : a form of social, economic, or political organization or practice 2 : an organized set of doctrines, ideas, or principles usually intended to explain the arrangement or working of a systematic whole 3 a : an organized or established procedure b : a manner of classifying, symbolizing, or schematizing 4 : harmonious arrangement or pattern : ORDER12 : the whole body of living persons : PUBLIC 5 : an organized society or social situation regarded as stultifying : ESTABLISHMENT 2 -- usually used with the systematics 1 : the science of classification 2 a : a system of classification b : the classification and study of organisms with regard to their natural relationships : TAXONOMY taxonomy 1 : the study of the general principles of scientific classification : SYSTEMATICS 2 : CLASSIFICATION; especially : orderly classification of plants and animals according to their presumed natural relationships term 4 a : a word or expression that has a precise meaning in some uses or is peculiar to a science, art, profession, or subject b plural : expression of a specified kind terminology 1 : the technical or special terms used in a business, art, science, or special subject 2 : nomenclature as a field of study trait 1 a : a stroke of or as if of a pencil b : TOUCH, TRACE 2 a : a distinguishing quality (as of personal character) : PECULIARITY b : an inherited characteristic type 1 a : a person or thing (as in the Old Testament) believed to foreshadow another (as in the New Testament) b : one having qualities of a higher category : MODEL c : a lower taxonomic category selected as a standard of reference for a higher category; also : a specimen or series of specimens on which a taxonomic species or subspecies is actually based 2 : a distinctive mark or sign 4 a : qualities common to a number of individuals that distinguish them as an identifiable class: as (1) : the morphological, physiological, or ecological characters by which relationship between organisms may be recognized (2) : the form common to all instances of a linguistic element b : a typical and often superior specimen c : a member of an indicated class or variety of people d : a particular kind, class, or group e : something distinguishable as a variety : SORT understand transitive senses 1 a : to grasp the meaning of b : to grasp the reasonableness of c : to have thorough or technical acquaintance with or expertness in the practice of d : to be thoroughly familiar with the character and propensities of 2 : to accept as a fact or truth or regard as plausible without utter certainty 3 : to interpret in one of a number of possible ways 4 : to supply in thought as though expressed <"to be married" is commonly understood after the word engaged> intransitive senses 1 : to have understanding : have the power of comprehension 2 : to achieve a grasp of the nature, significance, or explanation of something 3 : to believe or infer something to be the case 4 : to show a sympathetic or tolerant attitude toward something urbane notably polite or finished in manner : POLISHED urbanity 1 : the quality or state of being urbane 2 plural : urbane acts or conduct virtual reality an artificial environment which is experienced through sensory stimuli (as sights and sounds) provided by a computer and in which one's actions partially determine what happens in the environment vocabulary 1 : a list or collection of words or of words and phrases usually alphabetically arranged and explained or defined : LEXICON 2 a : a sum or stock of words employed by a language, group, individual, or work or in a field of knowledge b : a list or collection of terms or codes available for use (as in an indexing system) 3 : a supply of expressive techniques or devices (as of an art form) word 1 a : something that is said b plural (1) : TALK, DISCOURSE (2) : the text of a vocal musical composition c : a brief remark or conversation 2 a (1) : a speech sound or series of speech sounds that symbolizes and communicates a meaning without being divisible into smaller units capable of independent use (2) : the entire set of linguistic forms produced by combining a single base with various inflectional elements without change in the part of speech elements b (1) : a written or printed character or combination of characters representing a spoken word -- sometimes used with the first letter of a real or pretended taboo word prefixed often as a humorous euphemism (2) : any segment of written or printed discourse ordinarily appearing between spaces or between a space and a punctuation mark c : a number of bytes processed as a unit and conveying a quantum of information in communication and computer work 3 : ORDER, COMMAND 4 often capitalized a : LOGOS b : GOSPEL 1a c : the expressed or manifested mind and will of God 5 a : NEWS, INFORMATION b : RUMOR 6 : the act of speaking or of making verbal communication 7 : SAYING, PROVERB 8 : PROMISE, DECLARATION 9 : a quarrelsome utterance or conversation -- usually used in plural 10 : a verbal signal : PASSWORD world 1 a : the earthly state of human existence b : life after death -- used with a qualifier 2 : the earth with its inhabitants and all things upon it 3 : individual course of life : CAREER 4 : the inhabitants of the earth : the human race 5 a : the concerns of the earth and its affairs as distinguished from heaven and the life to come b : secular affairs 6 : the system of created things : UNIVERSE 7 a : a division or generation of the inhabitants of the earth distinguished by living together at the same place or at the same time b : a distinctive class of persons or their sphere of interest 8 : human society 9 : a part or section of the earth that is a separate independent unit 10 : the sphere or scene of one's life and action 11 : an indefinite multitude or a great quantity or distance 13 : KINGDOM 5 14 : a celestial body (as a planet) --------- kingdom 5 a : one of the three primary divisions into which natural objects are commonly classified -- compare ANIMAL KINGDOM, MINERAL KINGDOM, PLANT KINGDOM b : a major category (as Plantae or Protista) in biological taxonomy that ranks above the phylum and is the highest and most encompassing group division 10 : a group of organisms forming part of a larger group; specifically : a primary category of the plant kingdom phylum 1 a : a direct line of descent within a group b : a group that constitutes or has the unity of a phylum; especially : one of the usually primary divisions of the animal kingdom class 3 : a group, set, or kind sharing common attributes: as a : a major category in biological taxonomy ranking above the order and below the phylum or division order 3 b : a class of persons or things grouped according to quality, value, or natural characteristics: as (1) : a category of taxonomic classification ranking above the family and below the class family 6 a : a group of related plants or animals forming a category ranking above a genus and below an order and usually comprising several to many genera genus 1 : a class, kind, or group marked by common characteristics or by one common characteristic; specifically : a category of biological classification ranking between the family and the species, comprising structurally or phylogenetically related species or an isolated species exhibiting unusual differentiation, and being designated by a Latin or latinized capitalized singular noun 2 : a class of objects divided into several subordinate species subgenus a category in biological classification ranking below a genus and above a species species 1 a : KIND, SORT b : a class of individuals having common attributes and designated by a common name; specifically : a logical division of a genus or more comprehensive class c : the human race : human beings -- often used with the d (1) : a category of biological classification ranking immediately below the genus or subgenus, comprising related organisms or populations potentially capable of interbreeding, and being designated by a binomial that consists of the name of a genus followed by a Latin or latinized uncapitalized noun or adjective agreeing grammatically with the genus name (2) : an individual or kind belonging to a biological species e : a particular kind of atomic nucleus, atom, molecule, or ion organism 1 : a complex structure of interdependent and subordinate elements whose relations and properties are largely determined by their function in the whole 2 : an individual constituted to carry on the activities of life by means of organs separate in function but mutually dependent : a living being population 1 a : the whole number of people or inhabitants in a country or region b : the total of individuals occupying an area or making up a whole c : the total of particles at a particular energy level -- used especially of atoms in a laser 2 : the act or process of populating 3 a : a body of persons or individuals having a quality or characteristic in common b (1) : the organisms inhabiting a particular locality (2) : a group of interbreeding organisms that represents the level of organization at which speciation begins 4 : a group of individual persons, objects, or items from which samples are taken for statistical measurement speciation the process of biological species formation breed 1 : to produce (offspring) by hatching or gestation 2 a : BEGET 1 b : PRODUCE, ENGENDER 3 : to propagate (plants or animals) sexually and usually under controlled conditions 4 a : BRING UP, NURTURE b : to inculcate by training 5 a : 4MATE 3 b : to mate with : INSEMINATE c : IMPREGNATE 2 6 : to produce (a fissionable element) by bombarding a nonfissionable element with neutrons from a radioactive element intransitive senses 1 a : to produce offspring by sexual union b : COPULATE, MATE 2 : to propagate animals or plants
Please contact us with any questions or comments.
Updated: November 04, 2005 05:08:09 PM -0500
Copyright © 2001 John W. Krupansky d/b/a Base Technology